EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT DISEASE MANAGEMENT

Disease management is a structure that is designed to improve a person’s health with coordinated interventions, measurements of health care, where self-care efforts can be implemented. Disease management empowers an individual, who is working with the health care provider to manage and prevent his/her disease.

It is designed to help an individual improve their health with any chronic condition and to reduce the costs associated with avoidable complications, like an emergency room visit and hospitalizations.

Disease management includes the following actions:

Identifying patients’ affected by the disease
Determining the most effective ways to treat the disease

It is more like population-based-care or continuous health care improvement. If properly designed, it works on prevention of complications as well as treatment of chronic conditions.

Conditions most commonly chosen for disease management are Asthma, cardiovascular diseases, Coronary artery disease, Congestive heart failure, Angina, Lipid irregularity, Depressive disorders, Diabetes and much more.

What are its benefits?

It improves your health and lets you enjoy a good life. It comes with reduced spending on healthcare costs.

It is created with the complete understanding of the natural course of a disease and the critical areas where more focus is required to reduce the chances of morbidity and mortality.

How can we design an effective disease management program?

DM is a process of reducing healthcare costs and/or DM is a process of reducing healthcare costs and/or improving the quality of life for individuals by preventing/minimizing the effects of a disease usually a chronic minimizing the effects of a disease, usually a chronic condition, through integrative care.

DM involves consists of two streams

• Managing clinical activities

• Interventions for financial outcomes

The Drivers of a Disease management program and their roles in that program:

Program administrators
They are the people who help in the running of a plan and provide useful information on goals, expectations, organizational structure, and incentive programs to the disease management program.

Physicians
The practicing physician’s clinical experience and continuing medical education play a big role, but the system develops every day with significant variation in treating each disease.

viral infections must collaborate in developing treatment guidelines, or recommendations from experts should be taken into consideration. Once guidelines are prepared, it can be spread through training programs.

Pharmacists
They participate in formulary decisions, drug treatment protocols, and critical pathway design. Most of these activities involve education and monitoring, for which pharmacists are particularly well trained.